Marc Chagall, a French painter, designer, and printmaker, was born in Vitebsk, Belarus, on July 7, 1887. His early work, “I and the Village”, was based on emotional and poetic associations rather than pictorial logic. This made him one of the first expressions of psychic reality in modern art. Additionally, Marc has gained recognition for his artistic contributions across multiple mediums, such as designing sets for theatrical productions and ballets, creating etchings depicting scenes from the Bible, and producing stained-glass windows.
Raised in a Jewish family, Chagall learned to paint in a local studio before moving to St. Petersburg to study art. He studied under a stage designer named Léon Bakst. Subsequently, he moved to Paris in 1910. In Paris, he met many famous poets and artists. The avant-garde poets Blaise Cendrars, Max Jacob, and Guillaume Apollinaire, to name a few. Along with these artists, he also met many young painters who were destined for fame. Under their influence, Chagall quickly developed poetic and irrational tendencies. This made Marc abandon his somber palette, which led to his most successful period of art.
After showcasing his artwork in Paris and Berlin, Chagall was stranded in Vitebsk when World War I broke out. However, he married Bella Rosenfeld in 1915 and initially supported the Russian Revolution of October 1917. As a result, he was appointed as the commissar for art in Vitebsk. He then launched ambitious projects for a local art academy and museum. After two and a half years of administrative complications and anti-Semitic attacks, Chagall left the Soviet Union for good and returned to Paris.
Chagall’s paintings portrayed a blend of love, nostalgia, and religious faith. This made him one of the most prominent artists of the 20th century. On March 28, 1985, he died in Saint-Paul, Alpes-Maritimes, France.